What Are The Differences between Spinning and Weaving

Both of the process is used in textile supply chain. The very first process of this supply chain is spinning process. The yarns produced by spinning is used to produce fabric which is further used to make clothing. So, don’t get confuse with these two processes. 

Find out more to the reply of this question “What Are the Differences between Spinning and Weaving?” below!

Weaving

The oldest and widely used technique to make a fabric is weaving. More precisely,

Weaving is the interlacement of two sets of threads, the warp threads run vertically through the length of the fabric and weft threads run horizontally across the width of the fabric. 

Looms are used to form a fabric sheet from the yarns. Rigid heddle loom, table loom, floor or treddler loom, dobby loom, counterbalance loom, computerized loom, jacquard looms are available to produce fabrics.

In conventional system, handloom is used to yield fabric. But now computer-aided systems play an important role in weaving and design. Now APSO, AVL and Scotweave softwares are used in the automated machines. 

Just by imputing some basic draft information, these softwares are able to produce weave structures, face fabric simulations and even differing color combinations are also possible. More accurate design drafting, speedier changes in design and fewer errors are now easily achievable due to the advancement in weaving machines.

Spinning

Spinning is a process where fibers are bound by twisting together to impart strength or molten polymer is extruded by spinneret to provide yarns.

Yarn is linear collection of filament or fibers bounded or twisted together. They possess good tensile strength and they have also a good quality elastic properties. Different types of spinning are carried out. Conventional spinning, open end spinning like vortex, rotor, friction spinning.

Again we can produce synthetic filament yarns by dry spinning, wet spinning, and melt spinning process. Gel spinning is a special process which is known as dry-jet-wet spinning. This technique is used to make very strong fibers with special characteristics. Here a partially liquid or gel state polymer is used to keep the polymer chain bound together. This process is used to produce high strength polyethelyne and aramid fibers.

Acrylic, modacrylic, spandex, rayon or aramid etc filaments are produced by this oldest type of spinning, wet spinning technique.

In dry spinning polymers are dissolved in solvent and pumped through spinneret. Then the evaporation of solvent solidifies and filament is obtained. The fibers that can’t be produced through melt spinning for any environmental safety purpose, dry spinning technique is used for them. Acetate, triacetate, acrylic, modacrylic, spandex, PBI and vinyon etc can be spun through dry spinning technique. 

In melt spinning system, polymer is melted and passes through spinneret. When cooled that gets solidified and collected by take up wheel. Polyethelyne terepthelet, Nylon, olefin, saran fiber etc are produced by melt spinning technique. Polyester and Nylon 6 is produced in a high voloume with this technique.

Depending upon the spinneret head, filaments may have different shapes like circular, trilobal, pentagonal, octagonal etc. Trilobal form gives fabric a sparkle shine as they can reflect more light. Pentagonal and hollow fibers are used in carpets and rugs because they are dirt and soil resistant. Glitter free effects are offered by octagonal shaped filament yarns. 

Top View Photo of Person Weaving Using Hand Loom

What Are The Differences between Spinning and Weaving?           

SpinningWeaving
Spinning is a process of twisting fibers and in turn produce yarnWeaving is a process where two sets of yarns are interlaced in crosswise pattern to create continuous length of fabric
Spinning is often carried out in natural fibers like wool, silk, cotton etc. But synthetic yarns are also produced by different spinning system like wet spinning, melt spinning or dry spinning method.Both natural and synthetic yarns are used to produce fabric
Traveler is used in ring spinningNo use of traveler
Twist is inserted to the fibers to bind them togetherThe vertical yarns are called warp yarn and horizontal sets of yarns are called weft yarn
In ancient time spinning wheel was used to produce yarn. But now modern machines are used.In ancient time hand loom is used to make fabric but they are now replaced by automated machines
No sizing is requiredDuring weaving, sizing is done at warp yarns

You can check out yarn manufacturing process flow.

If you already know about this then check the fabric manufacturing process flowchart.

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