23 Basic Differences between Weaving and Knitting

person knitting beige garment

Being a textile enthusiast, you should know the basic differences between weaving and knitting. This article will help you to differentiate between this two figures.

Weaving

Weaving technology involves interlacement of two sets of yarns at eight angle to each other. The two sets of yarns are called warp (vertical yarn) and weft yarn (horizontal yarn). 

Design modification in weaving is a bit difficult task. Cotton, silk, hemp etc are used mainly for weaving purpose. Woven fabrics are less stretchable. But if they are made from stretchable yarns, then they will stretch. They tends to crease easily. So ironing is required at a regular interval.

Woven fabrics has compact structure and the yarns are closely packed with each other. Weaving is done on looms. We will have some forms of weaving like-

  • Plain weave
  • Twill weave
  • Satin weave
https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1567582464046-103d2b1e399a?ixid=MXwxMjA3fDB8MHxzZWFyY2h8MjZ8fHdlYXZpbmd8ZW58MHx8MHw%3D&ixlib=rb-1.2.1&w=1000&q=80
https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1560861250-a2411b25e182?ixid=MXwxMjA3fDB8MHxzZWFyY2h8MzB8fHdlYXZpbmd8ZW58MHx8MHw%3D&ixlib=rb-1.2.1&w=1000&q=80

  Fig: Weaving process                                                          Fig: Weaving construction (Interlacemnet of yarn)

Knitting

Knitting is a process where fabric is made by using one strand of yarn using two needles. Here interlocked loops are formed. Knitting can be done by hands. Often we see this example as in sweater. But commercially, different types of knitting machines are used to produce knitted fabric. Circular knitting machines, flat bed knitting machines are used for this purpose.

Two types of knitting is available-

  • Warp knitting
  • Weft knitting

Knitted fabrics have inherent resiliency and elasticity. For their high elasticity, dimensional stability is not properly maintained. They have unique drape ability. With all your moves, these fabrics moves so easily. They have excellent ability to absorb moisture. 

Their stitching makes them perfect to provide thermal insulation. They are used in warm cloths. It is very easy to care for knitting fabrics. Even they need not any ironing as they shows a good crease resistance. 

person holding blue and white yarn
black and yellow rope on white textile

                                                                              Fig: Knitted fabric

Differences between Weaving and Knitting

WeavingKnitting
Threads run perpendicular to each other in weavingThreads run parallel to each other in knitting 
Lower stretch abilityComparatively higher stretch ability
In weaving, fabric thickness is less After knitting, fabric becomes thick
Threads are known as Warp and WeftSingle thread is used where horizontal row of loop is called coarse and vertical column of needle loop is called wales
With weaving technology, we produce light weight clothing materialsWith knitting technology, thick woolen clothing is prepared
Weaved cloths can’t provide thermal assistanceKnitted materials have thermal properties thus used to make warm cloths
Woven fabric is produced by interlacing two threadsKnitted fabrics are produced by pulling the current thread through the loops of the preceding row which is again made into a loop as the basis of the next row 
Sizing of warp thread is a must to resist weaving tensionNo need of sizing
Two sets of yarns are requiredOne set of yarn is enough to form loops in knitted fabrics
Yarn is to prepared properly before weavingPreparation plays a little role in knitting
Lower production capacity than knittingProduction capacity of knitting is high
Production cost is higher than knittingProduction cost is lower than weaving
Woven fabric has higher dimensional stability than knitted fabric Knitted fabric has lower dimensional stability than woven fabric
In our country, woven fabric is produced in comparatively lower manner ( almost 48% )Most of the fabric produced in our country is knitted fabric ( almost 52% ) 
Capital investment is higherCapital investment is higher than weaving
Machine set up is a bit complicatedSetting up a machine is quite easier and faster
Less modification is possible compared to knittingDesign and style of fabric can be easily modified
Less variation in productProduct variation is more like single jersey, rib, interlock, purl
It is done by interlacement of two sets of threadsIt is done by formation of loops
Compact constructionLoose construction
Absorb less moisture due to compactnessAbsorb more moisture due to loose structure
More durableLess durable
Example: Denim, twill, canvas, gabardine, chambrayExample: Pique, mesh, terry

If you want to be more clear about the differences between weaving and knitting, check this video

Till now, we have learnt about the basic differences between weaving and knitting technology. The difference between the two technologies makes the property of woven and knitted fabric different.

Let’s have a look below!

Differences between Woven and Knitted fabric

Knitted fabricWoven fabric
High crease resistance than woven fabricLower crease resistance property 
No ironing requiredIroning is required
Less strong than woven fabricStronger than knitted fabric
Absorption capacity is more Woven fabric has low absorption capacity
More permeable to air and moistureLess permeable to air and moisture
Highly elastic fabricElasticity is comparatively less
Knitted fabric has less dimensional stabilityWoven fabric has more dimensional stability
Ends curling tendency is higherEnd curling tendency is comparatively lower

Both of them are very ancient technique to produce fabric. Hopefully you all understand the differences between weaving and knitting.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

x