Being a textile enthusiast, you should know the basic differences between weaving and knitting. This article will help you to differentiate between this two figures.
Table of Contents
What do mean by Weaving?
Weaving technology involves interlacement of two sets of yarns at eight angle to each other. The two sets of yarns are called warp (vertical yarn) and weft yarn (horizontal yarn).
Design modification in weaving is a bit difficult task. Cotton, silk, hemp etc are used mainly for weaving purpose. Woven fabrics are less stretchable. But if they are made from stretchable yarns, then they will stretch. They tends to crease easily. So ironing is required at a regular interval.
Woven fabrics has compact structure and the yarns are closely packed with each other. Weaving is done on looms. We will have some forms of weaving like-
Fig: Weaving process Fig: Weaving construction (Interlacemnet of yarn)
What is Knitting?
Knitting is a process where fabric is made by using one strand of yarn using two needles. Here interlocked loops are formed. Knitting can be done by hands. Often we see this example as in sweater. But commercially, different types of knitting machines are used to produce knitted fabric. Circular knitting machines, flat bed knitting machines are used for this purpose.
Two types of knitting is available-
Knitted fabrics have inherent resiliency and elasticity. For their high elasticity, dimensional stability is not properly maintained. They have unique drape ability. With all your moves, these fabrics moves so easily. They have excellent ability to absorb moisture.
Their stitching makes them perfect to provide thermal insulation. They are used in warm cloths. It is very easy to care for knitting fabrics. Even they need not any ironing as they shows a good crease resistance.
Fig: Knitted fabric
Differences between Weaving and Knitting
Threads run perpendicular to each other in weaving
Threads run parallel to each other in knitting
Lower stretch ability
Comparatively higher stretch ability
In weaving, fabric thickness is less
After knitting, fabric becomes thick
Threads are known as Warp and Weft
Single thread is used where horizontal row of loop is called coarse and vertical column of needle loop is called wales
With weaving technology, we produce light weight clothing materials
With knitting technology, thick woolen clothing is prepared
Weaved cloths can’t provide thermal assistance
Knitted materials have thermal properties thus used to make warm cloths
Woven fabric is produced by interlacing two threads
Knitted fabrics are produced by pulling the current thread through the loops of the preceding row which is again made into a loop as the basis of the next row
Sizing of warp thread is a must to resist weaving tension
No need of sizing
Two sets of yarns are required
One set of yarn is enough to form loops in knitted fabrics
Yarn is to prepared properly before weaving
Preparation plays a little role in knitting
Lower production capacity than knitting
Production capacity of knitting is high
Production cost is higher than knitting
Production cost is lower than weaving
Woven fabric has higher dimensional stability than knitted fabric
Knitted fabric has lower dimensional stability than woven fabric
In our country, woven fabric is produced in comparatively lower manner ( almost 48% )
Most of the fabric produced in our country is knitted fabric ( almost 52% )
Capital investment is higher
Capital investment is higher than weaving
Machine set up is a bit complicated
Setting up a machine is quite easier and faster
Less modification is possible compared to knitting
Design and style of fabric can be easily modified
Less variation in product
Product variation is more like single jersey, rib, interlock, purl
It is done by interlacement of two sets of threads
Salma Hasin Shila, the author of this site completed her BSc. in Textile Engineering (Wet Processing Engineering) from Bangladesh University of Textiles www.butex.edu.bd (BUTEX). She has a passion for textile technology and love to write about it. She wants to share her knowledge to help the students in their studies and businessman & entrepreneurs in their business in making wise decisions fast.