Fibers are an important factor for making textiles. Two types of fibers are available. One is natural fiber which we get naturally from plants or animals. Another is man-made fiber or synthetic fiber that is made by men using different process like melt spinning, dry spinning or wet spinning. The fiber forming substances have to be manufactured by chemical method instead of growing in fields. Because of this, man-made fibers are also called chemical or manufactured fiber. The fiber forming substances are usually made from wood pulp, cotton linter, petrochemicals or natural gas.
Man Made Fiber
1.all of natural fiber comes from nature
1.Synthetic fibers are completely man made by regeneration of natural resources
2.Number of molecular weight is not limited
2. Number of molecular weight is Limited
3.Hygenic and environment friendly
3.Non-hygenic and not environment friendly
4.Comfortable to wear
4.Uncomfortable to wear
5.Length and shape of fiber is nature given
5. Length and shape of fiber could be controlled by man
6.The number of molecules are controlled by nature
6. The number of molecules could be controlled by man
7.Dependent on climatic condition or weather
7. Independent production from climatic condition or weather
8.Most of the fibers are hydrophilic in nature
8. Most of the fibers are hydrophobic in nature
9.Comparatively less durable
9.More durable than natural fibers
10.It may contain natural and other impurities
11. Scouring and bleaching process is required before wet processing.
11.Scouring and bleaching is required in few cases
Salma Hasin Shila, the author of this site completed her BSc. in Textile Engineering (Wet Processing Engineering) from Bangladesh University of Textiles www.butex.edu.bd (BUTEX). She has a passion for textile technology and love to write about it. She wants to share her knowledge to help the students in their studies and businessman & entrepreneurs in their business in making wise decisions fast.