Is Linen a natural fiber? the answer is yes, Linen is the strongest natural fiber which is derived from Flax stalks. The finest linen comes from Europe. Linens’ amazing properties now increases its’ demand day by day. Linen bedding, clothing are now appreciated highly by the end users.
Though cotton machinery can be used in linen manufacturing, linen is completely different from cotton fiber. The unique properties make this fiber a sustainable option. Linen provides your home a luxurious outlook. Belgian linen provides the most luxurious and rich outlook.
Interior designer, artists, restaurants chooses linen fabrics for their uses. We have covered everything you need to know about linen. So, Lt’s dive……………….
Linen fiber is soft and linen clothing is comfortable to wear. It has good strength and easily dye-able. No pilling or static problem rather having a good abrasion resistance. But it always tends to wrinkle.
Strong fiberTenacity 5.5-6.5 g/deStrength is higher than cotton
Elongation at break
2.7 – 3.5%
Yellowish to grey
18 – 30 inch
Lustrous than cottonSlightly silky
Effect of Heat
Resistant to heatLess affected by heat than cotton
Effect of sunlight
Good resistance to sunlight
Affected by concentrated acidDilute acid has no effect on linen
Resistant to strong alkalis
Chlorine & hypo-chlorite bleach has no effect on it
Linen is made up from flax fiber stalks. Linen manufacturing is a laborious process. The ultimate quality of linen fiber depends mostly upon the growing and harvesting procedure.
For the longest possible fiber, flax fiber is to be hand-harvested. This is accomplished by pulling up the entire plant. Sometimes stalks are cut near the root. Once harvesting is done, the plants are dried. While drying is complete, seeds are removed by a mechanical process. This process is called “rippling’.
Through “retting” process the fiber is separated from stalks. IN this process bacteria is used to degrade the pectins which acts as binding or cementing material to keep the fibers close intact. Naturally this can be done in ponds, tanks, pools and even in fields. If you want a faster result then you can choose chemical retting. But this process is not environment friendly.
After retting, scutching is carried out between August and December. Scutching is a process for dressing of flax fiber to make them prepared for spinning. This removes impurities from the fibers. By this process, straw and woody stem are removed from flax. This is done between two metal rollers and it helps in the separation of the woody portion from the stalks. The fibers are then removed and linseed, shive and tow are set to the other side for other purpose.
After scotching, heckling process is carried out. With heckling comb, short fibers are separated leaving only soft and long flax fiber. Heckling is the last preparation step to spun the fiber into yarn. It splits and straightens the fiber and also removes impurities along with fiber core.
Once the fiber is separated, they are twisted to spun into yarn and then fabric is woven or knitted for end use. This materials can easily be bleached, dyed, printed or finished.
Flax fiber can also be processed with “Cottonizing” process. In this process, conventional cotton processing machinery is used.
Tired of reading this long manufacturing process?
Let’s get a little bit practical. Dive into this video to get the whole manufacturing process within a short time:
7 reasons Linen to be a Luxury:
Linen seems to be the strongest natural fiber in the world. It is 30% stronger than cotton. Extremely durable it is!!
The harvesting and growing process of flax fiber doesn’t require that much harmful chemicals. This is almost a green process that doesn’t add any load to the environment.
Linen is a hollow fiber that helps in easy circulation of air and moisture that makes it more breathable and comfortable.
Linen is a sustainable option that doesn’t put any burden to the nature. This is completely bio-degradable, if you want to dispose linen garment. Just do this without any regret that you are not add to any waste.
The rough, textured or patterned surface provides an elegant look for linen. Linen is somewhat different from the other.
Linen is anti-microbial, moth resistant and hypo-allergenic. Their loose structure prohibits the entry of dust or germs in it. Allergic people feel relive with linen products.
Softer handfeel makes the products from this fiber more popular day by day. With repeated wash the softness doesn’t decrease rather lasts long for years. This property makes Linen bedding more comfortable to the end users. People looking for a comfortable luxury look on their bedding, often choose linen bedding for their convenience.
What do you think of this luxury fiber? Let us know below the comment section.
Salma Hasin Shila, the author of this site completed her BSc. in Textile Engineering (Wet Processing Engineering) from Bangladesh University of Textiles www.butex.edu.bd (BUTEX). She has a passion for textile technology and love to write about it. She wants to share her knowledge to help the students in their studies and businessman & entrepreneurs in their business in making wise decisions fast.