Fiber reactive dyes are most popularly used to dye cellulosic fabrics. They chemically react with fibers and form covalent bond with them. They have wide range of shades and stain the textiles in your desired shade.
On the other hand, pigment dyes have no auxo-chrome in it. They don’t form any bond with textttiles rather just sit on the top of the fabric. They need the help of binders to adhere the fabric. Here, no chemical reaction takes place.
If you want a pale or faded look for your garment then pick pigment. If you want consistent vibrant color with uniformity, years later that comes out after wash then you should go for fiber reactive dye.
Fiber Reactive Dye
1. Fiber reactive dye is soluble in water
1. Pigments are insoluble in water
2.Fiber reactive dye has affinity for fibers
2.Pigmnts have no affinity for fibers
3.Fiber reactive dyes are applied through aqueous medium
3.Pigments are applied through adhesive or binder medium
4.This dyes form covalent bond with textiles
4.Pigments don’t create any bond with textiles
5.They have auxo-chrome in their structure
5.They don’t have any auxo-chrome in their structure
6.Provide wide range of solid consistent color
6. Provide aged color appearance onto the garments from the very beginning
7.This dyes are less likely to fade or crock (Color comes out while rubbing against another cloth)
7.pigments are more likely to fade
8.They are typically used on cotton, silk, rayon, linen, lyocell, and hemp
8.Typically used on polyester or poly-cotton blends
9.No need of silicone wash to make the fabric feel softer
9.Additional silicone wash requires to make the fabric feel softer
Salma Hasin Shila, the author of this site completed her BSc. in Textile Engineering (Wet Processing Engineering) from Bangladesh University of Textiles www.butex.edu.bd (BUTEX). She has a passion for textile technology and love to write about it. She wants to share her knowledge to help the students in their studies and businessman & entrepreneurs in their business in making wise decisions fast.